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Buy eBook. Pre-order Hardcover. FAQ Policy. About this book This book takes readers on a journey through the evolution of agricultural communities in southern India, from their historical roots to the recent global neo-liberal era. Show all. Show next xx.
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Peasant history in South India
Recommended for you. PAGE 1. By the end of July, the movement had spread to about villages across three districts. Several landlords and officials hurriedly left the villages. Volunteer groups were organised to defend peasants from attacks; their weapons were sticks and stones. In response, the police, with the help of landlords, conducted a series of search operations, leading villagers to arm themselves. Under these conditions of martial rule, some landlords began returning.
The agitated masses, in one case, beat up a landlord who had insulted one of the women in the sangham , and this news spread like wildfire.
The villagers also used leaflets that threatened severe action against the police if they indulged in violent activities. In August , when India became independent, Hyderabad state exercised the option of remaining autonomous. However, the majority of the population favoured joining the Indian union, and so the communists and AMS aligned with the Congress1, in a broad pro-merger, anti-Nizam alliance. There were several ideological conflicts between the Congress and communists, and by January , the alliance ceased to function.
At this point, the MII started growing in militancy.
Its paramilitary force, the razakars , were sent in hordes to suppress the peasant insurrection. This helped in the expansion of the movement, with a parallel administration established in almost villages. In February , the CPI introduced a new policy aimed at encouraging guerilla offensives, largely influenced by the success of the Telengana insurrection.
Peasant History South India by David Ludden
The village republics started redistributing land to landless agricultural labourers and evicted tenants, increasing the popularity of the movement. By the end of August , almost 10, peasants, students and party workers actively involved themselves in the village squads and some 2, formed mobile guerilla squads.
Following the capture of the razakars , a military administration was set up under General J. Chaudhuri, and a military offensive was directed at the peasant rebels in the Telengana region. In an effort to co-opt peasant support, the military administration issued the Jagir Abolition Regulation August and set up an Agrarian Enquiry Committee to recommend comprehensive land reform legislation.
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It was clear, though, whose side the state was on; within two weeks the landlords started returning and regaining their lost land. General J.
A debate ensued within the CPI. Add to Cart. Free delivery. Arrives by Thursday, Oct 3. Or get it by Wed, Sep 25 with faster delivery.
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The Peasant and the Raj: Studies in Agrarian Society and Peasant Rebellion in Colonial India
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